Using records and other Dart 3 features in Flutter

Dart 3 alpha recently got announced here. It introduces new features like records (tuples) which I wanted to use. The article also mentions the latest version of Flutter stable ships with Dart 3 alpha.

Enabling experimental features in VSC

To use it, we should change the pubspec.yaml to use SDK >= 3.0.0. I got the Dart version by running flutter --version:

  sdk: ">=3.0.0-218.1.beta <4.0.0"
New settings for pubspec.yaml

However, my dummy code still wouldn't compile:

(double x, double y) geoLocation(String name) {
  return (1, 3);

VSC would show me this error message:

This requires the 'records' language feature to be enabled.
Try updating your pubspec.yaml to set the minimum SDK constraint to 3.0.0 or higher, and running 'pub get'.

I did already upgrade the minimum SDK constraint t0 3.0.0. So I looked for how to enable a language feature. It turns out you can do it in analysis_options.yaml.

    - records
Add this to analysis_options.yaml

And now it works!

Running unit tests

Even though the Analyzer is correctly set up and VSC won't complain anymore, if I run the tests by running flutter test, I still get this error:

$ flutter test
Error: This requires the experimental 'records' language feature to be enabled.
Try passing the '--enable-experiment=records' command line option.

In order to run unit tests with the command line, I should run flutter test --enable-experiment=records instead.

Debugging the app

Finally when I try to run the App by typing F5, I get this error:

Launching lib/main.dart on sdk gphone64 arm64 in debug mode...
: Error: This requires the experimental 'class-modifiers' language feature to be enabled.
Try passing the '--enable-experiment=class-modifiers' command line option.
abstract interface class Transporter {
Target kernel_snapshot failed: Exception

FAILURE: Build failed with an exception.

* Where:
Script '/Users/anhtuan/flutter/packages/flutter_tools/gradle/flutter.gradle' line: 1154

* What went wrong:
Execution failed for task ':app:compileFlutterBuildDebug'.
Error when trying the feature "class-modifiers". You'll get the same if you use "records".

I tried to look at flutter.gradle but there is nothing very informative in there.

So I tried adding a new configuration:

It created the file .vscode/launch.json with the following content:

  // Use IntelliSense to learn about possible attributes.
  // Hover to view descriptions of existing attributes.
  // For more information, visit:
  "version": "0.2.0",
  "configurations": [
      "name": "cargo",
      "request": "launch",
      "type": "dart"
      "name": "cargo (profile mode)",
      "request": "launch",
      "type": "dart",
      "flutterMode": "profile"
      "name": "cargo (release mode)",
      "request": "launch",
      "type": "dart",
      "flutterMode": "release"

I tried adding a key, and it autocompleted it for me:

"args" might be what I am looking for!

So I added this: "args": ["--enable-experiment=class-modifiers"] and ran it again in Debug Mode and... it worked!